Nephritic syndrome is a potentially fatal condition that affects the kidneys. The symptoms of nephritic syndrome may be similar to those of liver or congestive heart failure. The primary treatment for nephritic syndrome is to reduce inflammation of the kidneys and control blood pressure. Patients may also develop sterile pyuria. A thorough evaluation will allow your physician to determine the right course of treatment.
In most cases, nephritic syndrome is genetic in nature, but can also be acquired. Symptoms can include confusion, somnolence, seizures, or other neurological problems. Fortunately, most children who develop nephritic syndrome will experience periods of remission and relapse over time. By the late teens, relapses of nephrotic syndrome are nearly nonexistent. Infections may occur as a result of low protein levels in the blood.
Nephritic syndrome is a common complication of bacterial infections of the kidneys. An infection of the kidneys may cause it, as can exposure to a virus or bacteria. Inflammation in the kidneys can result from infection, injury to other parts of the body, or an allergic reaction to certain medications. Children with nephritis generally recover from the condition without complications and rarely develop chronic kidney disease.
While nephritic syndrome has no definitive cure, medication can help patients manage the symptoms. Some treatments for nephritic syndrome include a low-sodium diet and water restriction. Other treatments focus on treating the underlying condition, minimizing the risk of venous thrombosis, hyperlipidemia, and infection. Dialysis may be necessary for severe nephritic syndrome.